Eric Chu

Taiwanese politician

朱立倫
Eric Chu Chopped 2017.pngChairman of the Kuomintang
Incumbent
Assumed office
5 October 2021Deputy chairpersonsSean Lien, Andrew Hsia, Huang Min-huiPreceded byJohnny ChiangIn office
19 January 2015 – 16 January 2016DeputyHau Lung-pin
Huang Min-huiPreceded byWu Den-yih (Acting)Succeeded byHuang Min-hui (Acting)
Hung Hsiu-chuMayor of New TaipeiIn office
18 January 2016 – 25 December 2018DeputyHou You-yi
Hsu Chih-chien
Lee Shih-chuan
Chen Shen-hsienSucceeded byHou You-yiIn office
25 December 2010 – 19 October 2015Preceded byChou Hsi-wei (Magistrate of Taipei)Succeeded byHou You-yi (Acting)Vice Premier of the Republic of ChinaIn office
10 September 2009 – 17 May 2010PremierWu Den-yihPreceded byPaul ChiuSucceeded bySean ChenMinister of the Consumer Protection CommissionIn office
10 September 2009 – 17 May 2010PremierWu Den-yihPreceded byPaul ChiuSucceeded bySean ChenMagistrate of TaoyuanIn office
20 December 2001 – 10 September 2009DeputyHuang Min-konPreceded byHsu Ying-shen (Acting)Succeeded byHuang Min-kon (Acting)Member of the Legislative YuanIn office
1 February 1999 – 20 December 2001ConstituencyTaoyuan County Personal detailsBorn (1961-06-07) 7 June 1961 (age 61)
Bade, Taoyuan, TaiwanPolitical partyKuomintangSpouseKao Wan-chingEducationNational Taiwan University (BA)
New York University (MA, PhD)Signature
().
Eric Chu
Traditional Chinese朱立倫
Simplified Chinese朱立伦
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinZhū Lìlún
Wade–GilesChu Li-lun

Eric Chu Li-luan[1] (Chinese: 朱立倫; pinyin: Zhū Lìlún; born on 7 June 1961) is a Taiwanese politician.[2] He was born into a political family with strong Kuomintang (KMT) ties,[3] and served as Vice Premier of the Republic of China, under Premier Wu Den-yih. Prior to this, Chu served as legislator (1999 to 2001) and as the magistrate of Taoyuan County (2001 to 2009).[4] He was elected as the first mayor of the newly established city of New Taipei on 27 November 2010.[5] On 17 January 2015, he was elected unopposed as Chairman of the Kuomintang, succeeding Ma Ying-jeou.[6] On 17 October 2015, he was chosen as KMT candidate for the 2016 presidential election replacing incumbent candidate Hung Hsiu-chu. Chu was defeated by his opponent Tsai Ing-wen, and subsequently resigned his post as KMT chairman.[7][8] He was succeeded as mayor of New Taipei by Hou You-yi in 2018.[9]

Early life

Chu was born in Bade City, Taoyuan County, Taiwan.[10] His ancestral home is Iwu, Chekiang, and he is the son of a local Taoyuan County politician who served in the local legislature and also in the National Assembly. Chu's mother is from Daxi Township. Chu is married to Kao Wan-ching (高婉倩);[11] his father-in-law, Kao Yu-jen, is former speaker of the Taiwan Provincial Assembly, chairman of Twinhead International Corp and founder of FiberLogic Communications.[12][13][14]

Chu studied at the National Taiwan University, earning a bachelor's degree in management in 1983. After completing compulsory military service in the Republic of China Armed Forces, Chu then went abroad to study at New York University in the United States where he completed a master's degree in finance in 1987 and a PhD in accounting in 1991.[15]

Early career

After graduation, Chu taught as an assistant professor at City University of New York before returning to teach in Taiwan in 1992.[15] He initially taught as an associate professor in accounting at National Taiwan University and was promoted to a tenured professor in 1997.[15][16]

Early political career

He ran in the Republic of China legislative election held on 5 December 1998, was elected as a Kuomintang legislator, and took office on 1 February 1999. During his office term, he focused on financial and economic issues of Taiwan.[17]

In 2000, he was appointed Chairman of the Budgetary Committee and the Finance Committee of the Legislative Yuan. He served in these positions for one year until 2001.[15]

Taoyuan County magistrate

Chu at the 2007 Taoyuan Book Exhibition
Chu and Hau Lung-pin at the 2008 Digital Cities Convention Taoyuan

2001 Taoyuan County magistrate election

Chu won the 2001 Taoyuan County Magistrate election held on 1 December 2001 as a member of then-opposition Kuomintang, defeating Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) candidate Perng Shaw-jiin.[18]

2005 Taoyuan County magistrate election

Chu ran for re-election in the 2005 Republic of China local election on 3 December 2005 and defeated DPP challenger Cheng Pao-ching, CEO of Taiwan Salt Company. He then took office for his second term as magistrate on 20 December 2005.[19]

2009 Founders Awards

In March 2009, Magistrate Chu, with other three local government officials, was named by the Intelligent Community Forum as the recipient of its annual Founders Awards for his effort in digital and technology development. The forum studies the impact of technology on communities.[20]

Grandmother's house named historic site

According to the Liberty Times, while Chu was serving as magistrate, his grandmother's home in Daxi was designated a historic architectural site; in 2014, after Chu registered to run for chairmanship of the KMT, just prior to the transfer of power to the DPP, the Taoyuan County Government Cultural Affairs Bureau signed contracts of NT$30.17 million (US$1 mil) of public spending to renovate the site.[21]

Resignation from position as County Magistrate

Chu did not complete his second term. He resigned his post as Taoyuan County Magistrate when he was named vice premier in 2009.[22] He was succeeded by Deputy Magistrate Huang Min-kon (黃敏恭) as acting magistrate on 10 September 2009.[23]

Kuomintang Vice Chairmanship

During his second term as Magistrate of Taoyuan County, Chu concurrently served as the Vice Chairman of Kuomintang from November 2008 until October 2009.[24]

2009 Straits Forum

Addressing the audience as KMT Vice Chairman during the first Straits Forum in May 2009 held in Xiamen, Fujian, Chu stressed the importance of mindset change in boosting economic development across the strait, choose common development and jointly create a mutual benefit situation for both sides.[25]

ROC Vice Premiership

Vice Premier appointment

Chu was tapped by President Ma Ying-jeou to be the Vice Premier to Wu Den-yih on 7 September 2009, in a reshuffling of the Executive Yuan due to the slow disaster response to Typhoon Morakot.[23][26] Chu's position as Magistrate of Taoyuan County was succeeded by Deputy Magistrate Huang Min-kon.[27] At the age of 48, Chu was the youngest Vice Premier in ROC history.[28]

Vice Premier resignation

Chu in 2010 ROC Municipal Election for Mayor of New Taipei City

On 13 May 2010, Chu submitted his resignation to Premier Wu to run for mayor of the newly created New Taipei City, the successor of Taipei County.[29] Financial Supervisory Commission chairperson Sean Chen was tapped to succeed Chu as deputy premier.[30]

New Taipei City Mayoralty

2010 New Taipei City mayoralty election

In May 2010 before the New Taipei City Mayor election, Chu outlined his vision for the city. Noting the gap between New Taipei and Taipei, Chu promised to transform New Taipei if he was elected, where completing the mass rapid transit network in New Taipei will be his top priority. Chu defeated DPP Chairwoman Tsai Ing-wen on 27 November 2010, to become the first mayor of New Taipei on 25 December 2010.[31] He named Hou You-yi, Hsu Chih-chien, and Lee Shih-chuan deputy mayors of the city.[32] Hou and Chen Shen-hsien shared the deputy mayoral post soon after Lee was named Secretary-General of the Executive Yuan on 25 February 2014 and Hsu had stepped down on 30 June 2014 due to health concerns.[33][34][35][36]

Wikileaks

The content of some of Chu's conversations with Stephen Young of the American Institute in Taiwan was included in US diplomatic cables that were released by WikiLeaks in 2011. Chu claims that those cables do not accurately reflect the content of his conversations with Young.[37]

Taiwanese fisherman shooting incident

The Guang Da Xing No. 28 was fishing in disputed water in the South China Sea on 9 May 2013 when the Philippine Coast Guard opened fire on the Taiwanese fishing boat. Chu condemned the shooting and said that he would suspend all of the exchanges between New Taipei City and the Philippines until the Philippine government apologized for the incident, compensated the victim's family and prosecuted the perpetrators.[38]

2014 New Taipei City mayoralty election

Election result in New Taipei City for Chu and Yu Shyi-kun.

On 29 November 2014, Chu won the New Taipei City mayoralty election, defeating his opponent Yu Shyi-kun of the Democratic Progressive Party. He had been expected to win a landslide victory,[39][40] but he won by slightly more than 1% of the vote total.[41] His second mayoral term started on 25 December 2014.[42]

Kuomintang chairmanship

First term

On 17 January 2015, Chu ran unopposed in the KMT chairmanship election. He was the only candidate to have registered and paid the NT$2 million registration fee.[43] He succeeded Ma Ying-jeou, who had resigned on 3 December 2014 to take responsibility for KMT losses in the ROC local election on 29 November 2014.[44]

Prior to the election, Chu said he had not yet decided on meeting with Communist Party General Secretary Xi Jinping after being elected as KMT chairman.[45] Furthermore, he said that "Cross-strait relations must stick to the current peaceful, open and mutually beneficial path, no matter which party is in power...but the economic benefits brought about by cross-strait development must not only go to a few vested groups...(and) We will pay special attention to an equitable distribution of wealth."[46]

On 4 May 2015, Chu met with General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party Xi Jinping in Beijing.[47][48]

During his first term as party chair, Chu also acknowledged that the KMT accumulated much of its wealth illegally, and that these assets should be returned to the nation.[49] In 2000 Chu claimed that these assets total US$3.15 billion;[50] they include 146 plots of land, many in prime locations, as well as 157 houses and buildings. the majority of which were seized from Japanese and Taiwanese in 1945 and subsequently treated as belonging to the party, not the nation.[51] After Chu announced his candidacy for KMT Chairmanship, however, he claimed not to know what assets are held or what their value might be.[52]

Second term

Chu announced that he would run in the 2021 Kuomintang chairmanship election on 2 August 2021.[53][54] He finished first of four candidates on 25 September 2021,[55][56] and took office on 5 October 2021.[57][58]

2016 Republic of China presidential election

KMT candidate nomination

Though Chu had repeatedly refused to run in the 2016 presidential election,[59][60] he was chosen to be the preferred candidate over the incumbent Hung Hsiu-chu in a KMT congress held at Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall on 17 October 2015.[61] KMT members in attendance overwhelmingly voted 812 of 891 to replace Hung with Chu.[62] In a post-election speech, Chu apologized to Hung for her dismissal, but continued by saying the KMT had reached a crucial point where it needed to adjust its pace and start anew. He also apologized to New Taipei residents for breaking his promise to serve as mayor until his term ended.[8][63] The party's decision to replace Hung had been made prior to the meeting, and Chu had apologized to Hung multiple times for the way the party had treated her.[64][65]

Presidential campaign

On 19 October 2015, Chu announced his intention to temporarily leave mayoral duties to Deputy Mayor Hou You-yi starting the next day.[66] Chu planned to take three months of leave, to focus on his presidential campaign. The monthly salary of NT$190,500 Chu would have collected during this time was to be donated to the New Taipei City treasury.[67]

Election result

Chu suffered an enormous defeat in the 2016 presidential election, losing 18 of 23 counties. He resigned the KMT chairmanship, and returned to the New Taipei City mayorship on 18 January 2016.[68]

Family assets

According to a Control Yuan report issued in 2014, the four members of Chu's immediate family have combined savings of $23.5 million New Taiwan dollars. Chu also has securities and 11 plots of land in Taipei, Taoyuan City and Tainan; furthermore, he has three homes in Taipei's Shilin District and Neihu District that are worth more than $100 million New Taiwan dollars. This same report reveals that from 2012 to 2014, while serving as New Taipei City mayor, his assets grew by NT$7.5 million ($251,200 United States dollars).[69]

References

  1. ^ "Mayor of New Taipei City". New Taipei City Government. Archived from the original on 16 January 2018.
  2. ^ "新北市第2屆市長選舉選舉公報" (PDF). Central Election Commission (in Chinese). Taiwan. Retrieved 19 June 2022.
  3. ^ "After KMT drubbing, all eyes turn to party's lone mayor, Eric Chu". South China Morning Post. 5 December 2014.
  4. ^ "歷任副院長 朱立倫 先生". Executive Yuan (in Chinese). Taiwan. Retrieved 19 June 2022.
  5. ^ 林金池 (28 November 2010). "朱立倫111萬票 穩住最大票倉". 中國時報 (in Chinese). Taiwan. Retrieved 19 June 2022.
  6. ^ 謝莉慧 (17 January 2015). "史上最高得票率99.61% 朱立倫接黨主席". 新頭殼newtalk (in Chinese). Taiwan. Retrieved 19 June 2022.
  7. ^ "KMT's head Eric Chu, deputy head Hau Lung-bin step down - Focus Taiwan".
  8. ^ a b "KMT needs to start anew: Chu". focustaiwan.tw.
  9. ^ "侯友宜7個字勝選新北市長 經緯萬端考驗多[影]" (in Chinese). Taiwan. Central News Agency. 24 November 2018. Retrieved 19 June 2022.
  10. ^ "The Mayor of Taoyuan County ― Eric Liluan Chu Archived 17 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine." Taoyuan County. Retrieved on 2 February 2009.
  11. ^ "Chu meets AIT's Kin; mum on US trip - the China Post". Archived from the original on 21 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  12. ^ "Eric Chu tight-lipped on election bid". 17 November 2013.
  13. ^ "PROFILE: Appointment as vice premier will put Taoyuan County's Eric Chu to the test". 9 September 2009.
  14. ^ "Eric Chu's family ties a cause for concern: TSU". 19 February 2014.
  15. ^ a b c d "New Taipei City Government - Mayor of New Taipei City". ntpc.gov.tw. Archived from the original on 23 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Chu said he could not turn down appointment - the China Post". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Eric Chu (朱立倫)|Who's Who|WantChinaTimes.com". Wantchinatimes.com. 7 June 1961. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  18. ^ Chiu, Yu-tzu (2 December 2001). "DPP loses support on the ground". Taipei Times. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  19. ^ "2014 ELECTIONS: KMT's John Wu loses Taoyuan re-election bid". 30 November 2014.
  20. ^ "PROFILE: Appointment as vice premier will put Taoyuan County's Eric Chu to the test". Taipei Times. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  21. ^ "solidarity.tw". tumblr.com. December 2014.
  22. ^ "DPP questions Chu's promise to stay on as New Taipei mayor". Archived from the original on 14 December 2014.
  23. ^ a b "Chu bids farewell to Taoyuan residents - the China Post". Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  24. ^ "Newsmakers: Eric Chu | Hear in Taiwan". Blog.rti.org.tw. 23 May 2010. Archived from the original on 25 December 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  25. ^ "Senior official urges "most broad-based" cross-Straits exchanges". www.gov.cn.
  26. ^ Wong, Edward (7 September 2009). "Prime Minister of Taiwan Quits Over Typhoon Response". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  27. ^ "Huang Min-kon tapped as deputy secretary-general(行政院全球資訊網 - PDA(英文版)-Press Releases)". Ey.gov.tw. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  28. ^ Li, Xueying (18 October 2015). "KMT ditches presidential candidate". Straits Times. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  29. ^ "Chu resigns to run in Xinbei City election". China Daily. 14 May 2010. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  30. ^ Ho, Chiayi (13 May 2010). "Wu names FSC head as ROC vice premier". Taiwan Today. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  31. ^ Weiyi Lim and Janet Ong (27 November 2010). "Taiwan's KMT Wins Most Seats in Vote, Showing Support for Pro-China Stance". Bloomberg.
  32. ^ "Former police chief to be Chu's deputy". Taipei Times. 21 December 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  33. ^ Culpan, Tim (25 February 2014). "Former Google Executive Named Taiwan's First Technology Minister". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  34. ^ "Ex-New Taipei deputy mayor prosecuted for taking bribes". www.chinapost.com.tw. Central News Agency. 26 November 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  35. ^ Pan, Jason (31 July 2015). "Hsu Chih-chien held in graft probe". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  36. ^ Hsiao, Alison (28 July 2014). "Ex-minister says he was victim of 'horrible system'". Taipei Times. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
  37. ^ "WIKILEAKS: KMT rushes to deny claims about internal struggles". 8 September 2011.
  38. ^ "Death on the High Seas: Ma issues ultimatum over fisherman's death". Taipei Times. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  39. ^ "New Taipei City Mayor Eric Chu to run for Kuomintang chairman". South China Morning Post. 12 December 2014.
  40. ^ Yan-chih, Mo (25 December 2013). "Chu leading in mayoral election: poll". Taipei Times. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  41. ^ Lo, Chi-hao James (20 November 2014). "Chu's close-shave win in New Taipei". www.chinapost.com.tw. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  42. ^ 李定宇 (25 December 2014). "朱立倫宣誓就職 內政部長到場監誓". 蘋果新聞網 (in Chinese). Retrieved 19 June 2022.
  43. ^ Chyan, Amy (14 December 2014). "Eric Chu to become KMT chairman by default". www.chinapost.com.tw. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  44. ^ 黃名璽 (2 December 2014). "馬英九3日向中常會請辭黨主席". Taiwan News (in Chinese). Central News Agency. Retrieved 19 June 2022.
  45. ^ "Would-be KMT chairman brushes off idea of meeting with Xi 'for now'". Central News Agency.
  46. ^ "Chu proposes referendum on Constitution in 2016". www.chinapost.com.tw. Central News Agency. 22 December 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  47. ^ "Leader of Taiwan's Kuomintang in Beijing to meet Chinese President Xi". Channel NewsAsia.
  48. ^ "Taiwan's ruling party chief to meet China's Xi on Monday". Channel NewsAsia.
  49. ^ "Chu registers for KMT election". 22 December 2014.
  50. ^ "DPP challenges Chu on assets". 25 December 2014.
  51. ^ "Taiwan's Kuomintang Seeks to Hide its Assets - Asia Sentinel". Asia Sentinel.
  52. ^ 《TAIPEI TIMES 焦點》 DPP challenges Chu on assets. 25 December 2014.
  53. ^ Wang, Cheng-chung; Kao, Evelyn (3 August 2021). "Eric Chu to run for party chair, aiming to return KMT to power". Central News Agency. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
  54. ^ Wang, Cheng-chung; Kao, Evelyn (2 August 2021). "Eric Chu runs for chance to lead Taiwan's KMT". Central News Agency. Republished as: "Ex-New Taipei City mayor Eric Chu to run for KMT chair". Taipei Times. 3 August 2021. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
  55. ^ Hsu, Elizabeth; Teng, Pei-ju (25 September 2021). "Former New Taipei Mayor Eric Chu elected KMT chairman". Central News Agency. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  56. ^ Shih, Hsiao-kuang; Hetherington, William (26 September 2021). "Eric Chu wins race for KMT leadership". Taipei Times. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  57. ^ Wang, Flor; Liu, Kuan-ting (5 October 2021). "Eric Chu stresses unity as he takes over leadership of KMT". Central News Agency. Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  58. ^ Hsiao, Sherry (6 October 2021). "Chiang hands over reins to Chu". Taipei Times. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
  59. ^ Lai, Hsiao-tung (18 April 2015). "Chu says he will not run for president". Taipei Times. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  60. ^ "Taiwan ruling party chief Eric Chu says he will not run for president next year". South China Morning Post. Reuters. 16 April 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  61. ^ "Eric Chu named as KMT's new presidential candidate". Central News Agency.
  62. ^ "Taiwan's embattled KMT ousts presidential candidate". Channel NewsAsia.
  63. ^ "Presidential Election: KMT's Eric Chu takes over campaign". Taipei Times. 18 October 2015.
  64. ^ Hsu, Stacy (14 October 2015). "Chu apologizes over Hung turmoil". Taipei Times. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  65. ^ Hsu, Stacy (15 October 2015). "KMT moves closer to replacing Hung". Taipei Times. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  66. ^ "Eric Chu takes leave from mayoral duties". Central News Agency.
  67. ^ "KMT chief to donate wages for 3-month leave to New Taipei coffers". Central News Agency.
  68. ^ Chiao, Yuan-Ming (19 January 2016). "KMT chairmanship vacated as Chu bows out". www.chinapost.com.tw. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
  69. ^ "Eric Chu, John Wu multimillionaires, Control Yuan says". 30 August 2014.

External links

  • Media related to Eric Chu at Wikimedia Commons
  • Quotations related to Eric Chu at Wikiquote
  • New Taipei Mayor – New Taipei Government Portal
Political offices
Preceded by
Hsu Ying-shen
Acting
Magistrate of Taoyuan
2001–2009
Succeeded by
Huang Min-kon
Acting
Preceded by Vice Premier of the Republic of China
2009–2010
Succeeded by
Sean Chen
Preceded byas Magistrate of Taipei Mayor of New Taipei
2010–2015, 2016–2018
Succeeded by
Preceded by Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Chairman of the Kuomintang
2015–2016
Succeeded by
Preceded by Kuomintang nominee for President of the Republic of China
2016
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chairman of the Kuomintang
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