Foreign relations of Slovakia

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Slovak Republic has been a member of European Union since 2004. Slovakia has been an active participant in U.S.- and NATO-led military actions. There is a joint Czech-Slovak peacekeeping force in Kosovo. After the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attack on the United States, the government opened its airspace to coalition planes. In June 2002, Slovakia announced that they would send an engineering brigade to Afghanistan.

Slovak Republic is a member of the United Nations and participates in its specialized agencies. It is a member of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the OECD. It also is part of the Visegrad Four (Slovakia, Hungary, Czech Republic, and Poland), a forum for discussing areas of common concern. Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic entered into a Customs Union upon the division of Czechoslovakia in 1993, which facilitates a relatively free flow of goods and services. Slovak Republic maintains diplomatic relations with 134 countries, primarily through its Ministry of Foreign Affairs. There are 44 embassies and 35 honorary consulates in Bratislava.

International disputes

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein claims restitution of land in Slovakia confiscated from its princely family in 1918[1] by the then newly established state of Czechoslovakia, the predecessor of the Slovak Republic. The Slovak Republic insists that the power to claim restitution does not go back before February 1948, when the Communists seized power. Slovakia and Liechtenstein established diplomatic relations on 9 December 2009.[2]

Hungary

Bilateral government, legal, technical and economic working group negotiations continued in 2006 between Slovakia and Hungary over Hungary's completion of its portion of the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros hydroelectric dam project along the Danube.[3]

Multilateral agreements

In July 2022 after the Russian invasion of Ukraine the Prime Minister of Slovakia Eduard Heger made it known that he had entered discussions with the Czech Republic over the protection of Slovak airspace by Czech warplanes in the event that the Slovaks were to donate to the Ukraine the remnants of the Slovak MiG-29 fighter jet fleet, in advance of the fleet's replacement and renewal (at the earliest in 2023) by American F-16 warplanes.[4] The transaction would also include rthe remnants of Slovakia's Soviet-era T-72 tanks.[4] Czech PM Peter Fiala agreed with this initiative,[5][6] which had been proposed by Ukrainian President Zelensky.[4] The transaction was set to occur in September 2022.[7]

International human rights criticism

Hong Kong national security law

In June 2020, Slovakia openly opposed the Hong Kong national security law.[8]

Diplomatic relations

Countries which Slovakia maintains diplomatic relations with
List of countries which Slovakia has diplomatic relations with:[9]
# Country Date
1  Czech Republic 30 December 1992
2  Albania 1 January 1993
3  Algeria 1 January 1993
4  Argentina 1 January 1993
5  Australia 1 January 1993
6  Austria 1 January 1993
7  Belgium 1 January 1993
8  Brazil 1 January 1993
9  Bulgaria 1 January 1993
10  Canada 1 January 1993
11  Chile 1 January 1993
12  China 1 January 1993[10]
13  Colombia 1 January 1993
14  Croatia 1 January 1993
15  Cuba 1 January 1993
16  Cyprus 1 January 1993
17  Denmark 1 January 1993
18  Ecuador 1 January 1993
19  Egypt 1 January 1993
20  El Salvador 1 January 1993
21  Eswatini 1 January 1993
22  Finland 1 January 1993
23  France 1 January 1993
24  Germany 1 January 1993
25  Greece 1 January 1993
  Holy See 1 January 1993
26  Hungary 1 January 1993
27  Iceland 1 January 1993
28  India 1 January 1993
29  Indonesia 1 January 1993
30  Iran 1 January 1993
31  Iraq 1 January 1993
32  Israel 1 January 1993
33  Ireland 1 January 1993
34  Italy 1 January 1993
35  Jamaica 1 January 1993
36  Laos 1 January 1993
37  Latvia 1 January 1993
38  Kazakhstan 1 January 1993
39  Kuwait 1 January 1993
40  Kyrgyzstan 1 January 1993
41  Lebanon 1 January 1993
42  Libya 1 January 1993
43  Luxembourg 1 January 1993
44  Malaysia 1 January 1993
45  Malta 1 January 1993
46  Mauritania 1 January 1993
47  Monaco 1 January 1993
48  Mongolia 1 January 1993
49  Morocco 1 January 1993
50  Myanmar 1 January 1993
51  Netherlands 1 January 1993
52  New Zealand 1 January 1993
53  North Korea 1 January 1993
54  Norway 1 January 1993
55  Pakistan 1 January 1993
 State of Palestine 1 January 1993
56  Peru 1 January 1993
57  Philippines 1 January 1993
58  Poland 1 January 1993
59  Portugal 1 January 1993
60  Qatar 1 January 1993
61  Romania 1 January 1993
62  Russia 1 January 1993
63  San Marino 1 January 1993
64  Senegal 1 January 1993
65  Serbia 1 January 1993
66  Sierra Leone 1 January 1993
67  Slovenia 1 January 1993
68  South Africa 1 January 1993
69  South Korea 1 January 1993
 Sovereign Military Order of Malta 1 January 1993
70  Spain 1 January 1993
71  Sweden 1 January 1993
72   Switzerland 1 January 1993
73  Syria 1 January 1993
74  Tanzania 1 January 1993
75  Thailand 1 January 1993
76  Tunisia 1 January 1993
77  Turkey 1 January 1993
78  Turkmenistan 1 January 1993
79  Uganda 1 January 1993
80  Ukraine 1 January 1993
81  United Kingdom 1 January 1993
82  United States 1 January 1993
83  Uruguay 1 January 1993
84  Venezuela 1 January 1993
85  Vietnam 1 January 1993
86  Yemen 1 January 1993
87  Nicaragua 5 January 1993
88  Costa Rica 6 January 1993
89  Lithuania 6 January 1993
90  Seychelles 6 January 1993
91  Paraguay 8 January 1993
92  Kenya 15 January 1993
93  Benin 19 January 1993
94  Uzbekistan 20 January 1993
95  Maldives 21 January 1993
96  Japan 3 February 1993
97  United Arab Emirates 3 February 1993
98  Tajikistan 4 February 1993
99  Mali 12 February 1993
100  Singapore 12 February 1993
101  Belarus 14 February 1993
102  Estonia 15 February 1993
103  Panama 15 February 1993
104  Sri Lanka 15 February 1993
105  Moldova 16 February 1993
106  Democratic Republic of the Congo 18 February 1993
107  Jordan 3 March 1993
108  Oman 3 March 1993
109  Zimbabwe 3 March 1993
110    Nepal 4 March 1993
111  Bolivia 5 March 1993
112  Bangladesh 12 March 1993
113  Guinea 16 March 1993
114  Sao Tome and Principe 2 April 1993
115  Cabo Verde 7 April 1993
116  Guatemala 15 April 1993
117  Zambia 5 May 1993
118  Sudan 27 July 1993
119  Nigeria 1 September 1993
120  Angola 30 September 1993
121  Ghana 1 October 1993
122  Mexico 1 October 1993
123  Armenia 14 November 1993
124  Cameroon 15 November 1993
125  Georgia 25 November 1993
126  Azerbaijan 27 November 1993
127  Malawi 30 December 1993
128  North Macedonia 4 March 1994
129  Barbados 14 April 1994
130  Mozambique 10 May 1994
131  Gabon 14 July 1994
132  Eritrea 26 February 1995
133  Niger 26 April 1995
134  Lesotho 8 May 1995
135  Ethiopia 10 May 1995
136  Bahrain 21 May 1995
137  Mauritius 31 May 1995
138  Saudi Arabia 6 June 1995
139  Gambia 18 August 1995
140  Bosnia and Herzegovina 28 December 1995
141  Madagascar 16 February 1996
142  Andorra 3 July 1996
143  Fiji 8 July 1996[11]
144  Belize 6 August 1996
145  Togo 4 January 1997
146  Cambodia 20 February 1997[12]
147  Guyana 2 April 1997
148  Brunei 6 June 1997
149  Burkina Faso 1 August 1997
150  Haiti 26 September 1997
151  Guinea-Bissau 8 October 1997
152  Namibia 9 November 1997
153  Equatorial Guinea 7 December 1997
154  Trinidad and Tobago 28 May 1998
155  Republic of Congo 30 June 1998
156  Liberia 6 October 1998
157  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 9 December 1998
158  Marshall Islands 29 January 1999
159  Grenada 23 February 1999
160  Antigua and Barbuda 21 June 1999
161  Burundi 29 June 1999
162  Papua New Guinea 29 October 1999
163  Samoa 16 March 2000
164  Chad 20 April 2000[13]
165  Djibouti 22 November 2000
166  Dominican Republic 20 March 2001
167  Botswana 29 March 2001
168  Suriname 12 March 2002
169  Timor-Leste 17 October 2002[14]
170  Ivory Coast 28 October 2002
171  Honduras 27 May 2004
172  Bahamas 28 May 2004
173  Saint Lucia 1 May 2005
174  Afghanistan Before 2006[15]
175  Tuvalu 30 January 2006[13]
176  Dominica 7 February 2006
177  Montenegro 28 June 2006
178  Federated States of Micronesia 13 September 2006
179  Palau 24 September 2007
180  Saint Kitts and Nevis 26 September 2008
181  Rwanda 18 November 2009[16]
182  Liechtenstein 9 December 2009[17]
183  Solomon Islands 15 March 2011
184  Nauru 24 June 2011[13]
185  South Sudan 12 December 2011[18]
186  Bhutan 26 September 2012[19]
187  Somalia 23 May 2013

Bilateral relations

Africa

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Egypt
  • Egypt has an embassy in Bratislava.
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Cairo.
 Ethiopia
  • Ethiopia is accredited to Slovakia from its embassy in Berlin, Germany.
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Addis Ababa.
 Kenya See Kenya–Slovakia relations
  • Kenya is accredited to Slovakia from its embassy in Vienna, Austria.
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Nairobi.
 Nigeria
  • Nigeria is accredited to Slovakia from its embassy in Vienna, Austria.
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Abuja.
 South Africa
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Pretoria.
  • South Africa is accredited to Slovakia from its embassy in Vienna, Austria.

Americas

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Argentina
  • Argentina is accredited to Slovakia from its embassy in Vienna, Austria.
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Buenos Aires.
 Belize 1994

Slovakia is accredited to Belize from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.[20]

 Brazil
  • Brazil has an embassy in Bratislava.
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Brasília.
 Canada
  • Canada recognized Slovak independence in January 1992, and established diplomatic relations a year later.
  • Canada has an embassy office in Bratislava.
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Ottawa and a consulate-general in Toronto.
  • Canadian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Trade about relations with Slovak Republic
 Colombia 1 January 1993
  • Formal relations were started in 1993-01-01.
  • Colombia is accredited to Slovakia through its embassy in Vienna, Austria.[21]
  • Slovakia is accredited to Colombia from its embassy in Brasilia, Brazil.
  • Slovakia backed-up Colombia's entry into the OECD and was a key player in the ratification of the Colombia-European Union Free Trade Agreement.[21]
 Cuba
  • Cuba has an embassy in Bratislava.
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Havana.
 Dominica

Slovakia is accredited to Dominica from its embassy in Havana, Cuba.[20][22]

 Mexico 1 January 1993 See Mexico–Slovakia relations

In November 2017, Slovak President Andrej Kiska paid an official visit to Mexico.[23]

  • Mexico is accredited to Slovakia from its embassy in Vienna, Austria and maintains an honorary consulate in Bratislava.[24]
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Mexico City.[25]
 United States 1 January 1993

See Slovakia–United States relations

  • Slovakia has an embassy in Washington, D.C. and a consulate-general in New York City.[26]
  • United States has an embassy in Bratislava.[27]

Asia

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia 1994
  • Formal relations were started in 1994
  • Armenia is represented in Slovakia through its embassy in Vienna (Austria).
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Yerevan.
  • Both countries are full members of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and of the Council of Europe.
  • Between 24 February and 28 February 2008, Slovak Foreign Minister Ján Kubiš, made an official visit to Armenia.[28]
 Azerbaijan 23 November 1993[29]
  • The Slovak Republic recognized the independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan on 24th January 1992.
  • Azerbaijan has a consulate in Bratislava.
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Baku.
  • Both countries are full members of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and of the Council of Europe.
 China
  • China has an embassy in Bratislava.
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Beijing and a consulate-general in Shanghai.
 India August 1995 See India-Slovakia relations

Since August 1995 India has an embassy in Bratislava and Slovakia has an embassy in New Delhi.[30] The Slovak Government welcomed and appreciated the opening of the Embassy of India, Bratislava (one of 32 resident missions) in August 1995, which was agreed during the former PM Moravcik's visit to India and considered it as a further indication of India's interest in enhancing relations with Slovakia.[31]

 Israel 1993

Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1993. Israel has an embassy in Bratislava.[32]

 South Korea 22 March 1990 See Slovakia-South Korea relations

The establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea and the Slovak Republic began on 22 March 1990.

  • First Vice Foreign Minister Cho Tae-yong and his Slovak counterpart Peter Burian signed the Implementing Programme for Cooperation in the Fields of Culture Education Sport and Tourism between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea and the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Slovak Republic at the Foreign Ministry in Seoul on 17 March.
  • The Implementing Programme aims to facilitate cooperation between the Republic of Korea and Slovakia in the fields of culture education sport and tourism, including people-to-people and content exchanges It also encourages the two countries to participate in cultural and sport events hosted by the other country.
  • This Implementing Programme is the first implementing programme signed since the Republic of Korea and Slovakia concluded the Agreement on Cooperation in the Fields of Culture, Education and Tourism in 2007. The Implementing Programme is expected to contribute to expanding bilateral exchanges and promoting friendly relations by encouraging the two countries to implement cooperation programs in culture, education, sport and tourism for the next three years.[34]
    • Slovakian embassy in Seoul.[35]
    • South Korean embassy in Bratislava.[36]
 Turkey See Slovakia–Turkey relations
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Ankara and an consulate-general in Istanbul.
  • Turkey has an embassy in Bratislava.
  • Both countries are full members of NATO.
 Vietnam See Slovakia–Vietnam relations

Europe

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Albania

The multi-national Communist armed forces' sole joint action was the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968. All member countries, with the exception of the People's Republic of Albania and the Socialist Republic of Romania participated in the invasion. Albania formally withdrew form the Warsaw Pact in 1968 over the matter.[37]

  • Albania has an embassy in Bratislava.
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Tirana.
 Austria
  • Austria has an embassy in Bratislava.[38]
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Vienna and 3 honorary consulates (in Innsbruck, Linz and Salzburg).[39]
  • Both countries share 91 km of common borders.
  • There are around 25,000 people of Slovak descent living in Austria.
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Austria Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Slovakia (in German only)
 Bulgaria 1 January 1993
  • Both countries had diplomatic relations for the first time between 1939 and 1945.
  • Bulgaria recognized Slovakia on 23 December 1992.
  • Since February 1994, Bulgaria has embassy in Bratislava.[40]
  • Since June 1994, Slovakia has embassy in Sofia.[41]
  • Both countries are full members of the Council of Europe, of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, of NATO and of the European Union.
 Cyprus
  • Cyprus is represented in Slovakia through its embassy in Vienna (Austria).
  • Slovak Republic has an embassy in Nicosia and an honorary consulate in Limassol.[42]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treatis with Slovakia
 Czech Republic See Czech Republic – Slovakia relations

Between 1918 and 1 January 1993, both countries were part of Czechoslovakia. Both countries established diplomatic relations on 1 January 1993.

  • Czech Republic has an embassy in Bratislava.
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Prague.
  • Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union.
 Denmark 1993 See Denmark–Slovakia relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Bratislava.[43]
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Copenhagen.[44]
  • Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union.
 France
  • France has an embassy in Bratislava.
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Paris.
  • Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union.
  • See also:Slovaks in France and Frenchs in Slovakia
 Germany 1993 See Germany-Slovakia relations

Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1993 but previously had relations during World War II when Slovakia was a separate state. Germany has an embassy in Bratislava. Slovakia has an embassy in Berlin, an embassy branch in Bonn, a general consulate in Munich. Germany plays an important part in the Slovak economy as it is Slovakia's main trading partner.

 Greece 1 January 1993
  • Greece opened its embassy in Bratislava in September 1996.[45]
  • Slovakia also has an embassy in Athens.
  • Both countries are full members of NATO and the European Union.
  • Greek Foreign Affairs Ministry about relations with Slovakia Archived 14 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  • Slovak Foreign Affairs Ministry about relations with Greece
 Hungary 1993 See Hungary–Slovakia relations
  • Hungary has an embassy in Bratislava.[46]
  • Slovak Republic has an embassy Budapest and a general consulate in Békéscsaba.[47]
  • Both countries share 676 km of common borders.
  • There are around 520,000 ethnic Hungarians living in Slovakia and around 17,000 ethnic Slovaks living in Hungary (See also Hungarians in Slovakia)
 Latvia
  • Both countries established direct diplomatic relations on 1 January 1993. Latvia is represented in Slovakia through its embassy in Vienna (Austria). Slovakia has an embassy in Riga. Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union. Latvian Foreign Minister Indulis Berzins and his Slovak counterpart Eduard Kukan met in Riga in 2000.[48]
 Luxembourg

Luxembourg is represented in Slovakia through its embassy in Prague, Czech Republic. Slovakia is represented in Luxembourg through its embassy in Brussels (Belgium) and an honorary consulate in Luxembourg-City.

  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • See also:Slovaks in Luxembourg and Luxembourgians in Slovakia.
 Malta See Malta–Slovakia relations

Malta is represented in Slovakia through a non-resident ambassador based in Valletta (in the Foreign Ministry). Slovakia is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome (Italy) and an honorary consulate in Valletta.

  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
 Netherlands 1 January 1993
  • The Netherlands have an embassy in Bratislava.[49]
  • Slovakia has an embassy in The Hague.
  • Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union.
  • Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Slovakia (in Dutch only)[permanent dead link]
 Poland 1993 See Poland–Slovakia relations
  • Poland has an embassy in Bratislava.[50]
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Warsaw and a general consulate in Kraków.[51]
  • Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union.
  • Both countries share 539 km of common borders.[52]
 Romania 1 January 1993 See Romania–Slovakia relations
  • Romania has an embassy in Bratislava and two honorary consulates in Banská Bystrica and Stará Ľubovňa.[53]
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Bucharest and an honorary consulate in Salonta.[54]
  • Both members are full members of: NATO and European Union
  • Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Slovakia
 Russia 1 January 1993 See Russia–Slovakia relations
  • Russia opened its embassy in Bratislava in 1993.
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Moscow.
  • https://web.archive.org/web/20180308103617/http://www.rusemb.sk/
 Serbia 1993 See Serbia–Slovakia relations; also see Slovakia's reaction to the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence
  • Serbia has an embassy in Bratislava.[55]
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Belgrade.[56]
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign affairs about the relation with Slovakia
 Spain See Slovakia–Spain relations
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Madrid.
  • Spain has an embassy in Bratislava.
  • Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union.
  Switzerland 1 January 1993
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Bern.
  • Switzerland has an embassy in Bratislava.
  • See also:Slovaks in Switzerland and Swisses in Slovakia
 Ukraine 1 January 1993 See Slovakia–Ukraine relations
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Kyiv, a general consulate in Uzhhorod, a and 2 honorary consulates (in Donetsk and Uzhhorod).[57]
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Bratislava and a consulate-general in Prešov.[58]
  • Both countries shares 90 km of common borders.
  • There are between 40,000 and 100,000 people of Ukrainian descent living in Slovakia.
  • During the Interwar era the Ukrainian province Zakarpattia Oblast was part of Czechoslovakia.[59]
 United Kingdom 1993 See Slovakia–United Kingdom relations
  • The United Kingdom has an embassy in Bratislava.[60]
  • Slovakia has an embassy in London.[61]
  • Both countries are full members of NATO.
  • British Foreign and Commonwealth Office about the relation with Slovakia

Oceania

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Australia 1 January 1993
  • Formal relations were started in 1993-01-01.
  • Australia is accredited to Slovakia through its embassy in Vienna, Austria.[62]
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Canberra and 2 honorary consulates (in Brisbane and Elsternwick).[63]
  • There are around 8,500 people of Slovak descent living in Australia.
  • Australian Department of Foreign affairs and Trade about the relation with Slovakia

See also

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